May 19, 2015 | Last update on May 19, 2015
A bone graft or regenerative surgery, is used to recreate bone and soft supporting tissues lost due to gum disease. The goal of this surgery is to coax the body into rebuilding the bone and other structures that attach a tooth to the jaw. The dentist will separate the gums from teeth to gain access to the roots and bone. The roots will be thoroughly cleaned and the holes (defects) in the bone will be filled in with a graft material. Then, they will be covered with a physical barrier, made by from human skin, cow skin or synthetic materials.
After the graft is in place, the gums will be put back over the treated site and stitched into place. During the next six to nine months, the human body fills in the area with new bone and soft tissue. In effect, this reattaches the tooth to the patient΄s jaw.